(API version 4)

Below are examples of managing Passwords with Pleasant Password Server through a RESTful API. These have been accumulated over time in collaboration with our customers, and provided as a starting point.

The examples below are for API Version 4. Version 5 introduces some improvements.

 

Notes:

  • This section is still in progress!
  • These examples are provided as-is; if you do find an error or an improvement, please let us know so they can be updated.

Sections:

  • Plain
    • Get Root Id
    • Create Folder
    • Update Folder
    • Create Entry
    • Update Entry
  • curl
    • Get Authentication Token
    • Using the Authentication Token
    • Find the Root Folder
    • Create Entry
    • Update Entry
    • Update Password
    • Search
  • PowerShell
    • PowerShell Environment Setup
    • Create Entry
    • Output Password Info
    • Create Entry (alternate)
    • Handling Trust Warnings
    • Onboarding Machines to Join a Domain
    • Generate a Password
  • Python
    • Get an Entry Password

Plain Examples

Get Root Id

GET: https://server_name:port/api/v4/rest/credentialgroup/root
Returns: Id of Root Folder

Create Folder


POST: https://server_name:port/api/v4/rest/credentialgroup
Content:

{

    Name: "API Folder",

    ParentId: "<Parent Folder Id>",

}

Returns: Id of Created Folder

Update Folder


PUT: https://server_name:port/api/v4/rest/credentialgroup/Folder_Id
Content:

{

    Id: "<Folder Id>",

    Name: "New API Folder",

    ParentId: "<Parent Folder Id>",

    Notes: "It has notes now"

}

Returns: Nothing

Create Entry


POST: https://server_name:port/api/v4/rest/credential
Content:

{

    Name: "API Credential",

    GroupId: <Parent Folder Id>,

    Username: "SteveCarlsberg",

    Password: "12345"

}

Returns: Id of Created Entry

Update Entry


PUT: https://server_name:port/api/v4/rest/credential/Entry_Id
Content:

{

    Id: "<Entry Id>",

    Name: "API Credential Name Changed",

    GroupId: "<Parent Folder ID>",

    Username: "SteveCarlsberg",

    Password: "678910"

}

 

 

curl Examples

People often like to use curl commands to execute API URL's, and so here are some brief setup and examples, which might get you started.

Get Authentication Token

This provides an authentication, valid for a period of time, other

  • Returns: a token string that can be used for other commands (until timeout is over: i.e. 3600 seconds)
  • Parameters: also use the -k (or --insecure) option when testing without a valid certificate
curl --insecure -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded" -d "grant_type=password&username=admin&password=admin" https://localhost:10001/oauth2/token
Using the Authentication Token

Once you aquire an access token, a header parameter "Authorization" must be set to the authorization token for all subsequent API calls. See:

Find Root Folder GUID
https://localhost:10001/api/v4/rest/credentialgroup/root
Creating an Entry

$PasswordServerURL = "https://localhost:10001"

$Cred = Get-Credential -Message "Enter your credentials to access Password Server"

$tokenParams = @

{ grant_type='password'; username=$Cred.UserName; password=$Cred.GetNetworkCredential().password;}

# Request a security token for the specified user that will be used to authenticate when requesting a password
$JSON = Invoke-WebRequest -Uri "$
PasswordServerURL/OAuth2/Token" -Method POST -Body $tokenParams -ContentType "application/x-www-form-urlencoded"

# The RESTful API returns a JSON object. Convert that to a PowerShell object and extract just the access_token
$Token = (ConvertFrom-Json $JSON.Content).access_token
$headers = @
{ "Accept" = "application/json" "Authorization" = "$Token"}
$Credential = @
{ Id: "00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000", Name: "<name>", Username: "<username>", Password: "<password>", Url: "<url>", Notes: "<notes>", GroupId: "<Id of parent folder>", Created: "<current date/time in this format: 2015-06-01T13:26:12.336084-06:00>", Modified: "<current date/time in this format: 2015-06-01T13:26:12.336084-06:00>", Expires: null, UsageComment: null}
[string]$NewId = Invoke-WebRequest -Uri "$
PasswordServerURL/api/v4/rest/credential" -Headers $headers -Method Post -Body $Credential

Get an Entry

Get an Entry.

  • Returns: an Entry object

 

curl --insecure -i -X GET -H "Authorization: Bearer sfpiaufohdfhefohfopaoeff03988fahf......asfsdfosyfopafshf" -H "Content-Type: application/json" -H "Cache-Control: no-cache" "https://localhost:10001/api/v4/rest/credential/0e35bab3-4ef8-4947-9d61-cf17e15da0c7"
Update Entry

Updating an Entry.

  • Returns: an Entry object
curl --insecure -i -X PUT -H "Authorization: Bearer sfpiaufohdfhefohfopaoeff03988fahf......asfsdfosyfopafshf" -H "Content-Type: application/json" -H "Cache-Control: no-cache" -d '{ "Id": "0e35bab3-4ef8-4947-9d61-cf17e15da0c7", "Name": "Test", "Username": "Testuser", "Password": "abcd123", "GroupId": "g998r9b9-b2cf-4ac1-8a33-5f5e43cd3eb0", "Notes": "Test Note"}' "https://localhost:10001/api/v4/rest/credential/0e35bab3-4ef8-4947-9d61-cf17e15da0c7"
Update Password field

API v5:

API v4:

  • When updating the password, the API v4 expects all fields of the credential to be submitted. So, we cannot just send:
{ "ID" = $CredentialID "password" = 'RestAPITest123' }
  •  1. Start by getting the credential JSON from the API using the GET method, and store the object:
curl --insecure -i -X GET -H "Authorization: Bearer sfpiaufohdfhefohfopaoeff03988fahf......asfsdfosyfopafshf" -H "Content-Type: application/json" -H "Cache-Control: no-cache" "https://localhost:10001/api/v4/rest/credential/0e35bab3-4ef8-4947-9d61-cf17e15da0c7"
  • 2. Then change the Password, and
  • 3. PUT the whole object back to the server, to this URL:
https://localhost:10001/api/v4/rest/credential/EntryId
Search
echo '{ Search : "prod_app_ceonline" }' | curl --insecure -d @ -H 'Authorization: <valid auth token here>' -H 'Content-Type: application/json' https://localhost:10001/api/v4/rest/search 

 

 

 

PowerShell Examples

PowerShell Setup

Some of these scripts may require PowerShell version 5.

Also note, that PowerShell version 6, provides additional features, and function parameters that you may find helpful in your development environment, for example, using the -SkipCertificateCheck parameter mentioned below.

See Handling Trust Warnings (below) for more information.

Create New Entry

Provided by: Andy Viar, Mary Greeley Medical Center. Used with permission.

# URL of Pleasant Password Server
$PasswordServerURL = "https://localhost:10001"

# Prompt for a credential
$Cred = Get-Credential -Message "Enter your credentials to access Pleasant Solutions Password Server" -UserName MyUserName

# Create OAuth2 token params
$tokenParams = @{
grant_type='password';
username=$Cred.UserName;
password=$Cred.GetNetworkCredential().password;}

# Authenticate to Pleasant Password Server
$JSON = Invoke-WebRequest -Uri "$PasswordServerURL/OAuth2/Token" -Method POST -Body $tokenParams -ContentType "application/x-www-form-urlencoded"

# Generate JSON token
$Token = (ConvertFrom-Json $JSON.Content).access_token

# Prep JSON headers
$headers = @{
"Accept" = "application/json"
"Authorization" = "$Token"
}

# Prep JSON body
$body = @{
"Id" = "00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000"
"Name" = "test-title"
"Password" = "test-password"
"Username" = "test-user"
"Url" = "test-url"
"Notes" = "test-notes"
"GroupId" = "xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx"
"Created" = "2018-01-22T12:00:00:00"
"Modified" = "2018-01-22T12:00:00:00"
}

# GroupId = The GUID of the folder this Credential belongs to
# Created = DateTimeOffset
# Modified = DateTimeOffset

# Execute command
$Results = Invoke-RestMethod -method post -Uri "$PasswordServerURL/api/v4/rest/credential" -body (ConvertTo-Json $body) -Headers $headers -ContentType 'application/json'

# Output results to the screen
ForEach($Result in $Results.credentials)
{
$Result
}

Output Password Information

Provided by: Andy Viar, Mary Greeley Medical Center. Used with permission.

# URL of Pleasant Password Server
$PasswordServerURL = "https://localhost:10001"

# Prompt for a credential
$Cred = Get-Credential -Message "Enter your credentials to access Password Server" -UserName MyUserName

# Create OAuth2 token params
$tokenParams = @{
grant_type='password';
username=$Cred.UserName;
password=$Cred.GetNetworkCredential().password;}

# Authenticate to Pleasant Password Server
$JSON = Invoke-WebRequest -Uri "$PasswordServerURL/OAuth2/Token" -Method POST -Body $tokenParams -ContentType "application/x-www-form-urlencoded"

# Generate JSON token
$Token = (ConvertFrom-Json $JSON.Content).access_token

# Prep JSON headers
$headers = @{
"Accept" = "application/json"
"Authorization" = "$Token"
}

# Define job to focus on user input box
# Without this, the user must first manually click the input box
$null = [Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("Microsoft.VisualBasic")
$activateWindow = {
$null = [Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("Microsoft.VisualBasic")
$isWindowFound = $false
while(-not $isWindowFound) {
try {
[Microsoft.VisualBasic.Interaction]::AppActivate($args[0])
$isWindowFound = $true
}
catch {
sleep -Milliseconds 100
}
}
}

# Start job to focus on user input box
$job = Start-Job $activateWindow -ArgumentList "Output Password Info"

# Prompt for search credential
[void][Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName('Microsoft.VisualBasic')
$title = 'Output Password Info'
$msg = 'Find display information for which user:'
$username = [Microsoft.VisualBasic.Interaction]::InputBox($msg, $title)

# Remove job to focus on user input box
Remove-Job $job -Force

# Prep JSON body
$body = @{
"search" = "$username"
}

# Execute command
$Results = Invoke-RestMethod -method post -Uri "$PasswordServerURL/api/v4/rest/search" -body (ConvertTo-Json $body) -Headers $headers -ContentType 'application/json'

# Output results to the screen
ForEach($Result in $Results.credentials)
{
$Result
$CredentialID = $Result.id
New-Object pscustomobject -Property @{'Name'=$Result.name;'Password' = (Invoke-WebRequest -Uri "$PasswordServerURL/api/v4/rest/credential/$CredentialID/password" -Headers $headers -Method Get)}
}

Create New Entry - alternate version

Provided by: Charles Delroy, SmartOdds. Used with permission.

# Generates the token for adding it to the database, where $PasswordServerURL is the URL of the Pleasant Server.
Function GenerateKeepassToken {
[System.Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName(‘Microsoft.VisualBasic’) | Out-Null
$Cred = Get-Credential -UserName XXXXXXXXX -Message “Enter your Credentials to access Password Server”
$tokenParams = @

{ grant_type=’password’; username=$Cred.UserName; password=$Cred.GetNetworkCredential().password; }
$JSON = Invoke-WebRequest -Uri “$PasswordServerURL/OAuth2/Token” -Method POST -Body $tokenParams -ContentType “application/x-www-form-urlencoded” -UseBasicParsing
$Token = (ConvertFrom-Json $JSON.Content).access_token
$Global:headers = @

{ “Accept” = “application/json” “Authorization” = “$Token” }
}


# Inputs the created parameters (elsewhere in the script) and adds them into the database.
Function AddToKeePass {
$GroupID = $Global:GroupID
$date = [System.DateTimeOffset]::Now
$postParams = @

{Name=$Global:Description; Username=$Global:FirstName;Password=$Global:password;GroupId=$GroupID;Created="$Date";Modified="$Date"}
$JsonPOST = ConvertTo-Json -InputObject $postParams
$URI = " $PasswordServerURL/api/v4/rest/credential/"
Invoke-RestMethod -ContentType application/json -Method POST -Headers $Global:Headers -Uri $URI -Body $JsonPOST
}

 

Handling Trust Warnings

You may receive a Certificate Trust error in your Development environment, due to only using the default placeholder Certificate. The FQDN will not match your server URL. So the recommendation for your Dev environment only, would be to either:

  • Use PowerShell version 6: use the -SkipCertificateCheck paramter with Invoke-RestMethod, or
  • Use a work-around method, for example, by running the following script (being sure to only include the appropriate encryption protocols):
add-type @"
using System.Net;
using System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates;
public class TrustAllCertsPolicy : ICertificatePolicy {
public bool CheckValidationResult(
ServicePoint srvPoint, X509Certificate certificate,
WebRequest request, int certificateProblem)

{ return true; }
}
"@
$AllProtocols = [System.Net.SecurityProtocolType]'Ssl3,Tls,Tls11,Tls12'
[System.Net.ServicePointManager]::SecurityProtocol = $AllProtocols
[System.Net.ServicePointManager]::CertificatePolicy = New-Object TrustAllCertsPolicy

 

Onboarding Machines to Join a Domain 

Provided by: Florian Rossmark, Accriva Diagnostics. Linked with permission.

External Link:

Description:

One of the challenges in most daily IT operations is onboarding of workstations and servers (respective domain join). Over the years I came across and tried many ways to accomplish this. Today I wanted to share a script and solution others might find helpful, but first lets get down to some theory and background.

The Goals and Challenges:

1.) Simple domain join after a system was imaged

2.) Systems should have a local admin account ... with an individual password

The PowerShell script below will do the following for you:

1.) Prompt for system name

2.) Prompt for Password Server credentials

3.) Prompt for credentials to join the system to the domain

4.) Create a local admin user account

5.) Generate a password

6.) Check for an existing Entry in Password Server

7.) Otherwise, create a new entry with: 

machine name, username, password, manufacturer, model, serial number / service tag,

UEFI BIOS Windows license key, MAC addresses of all network cards Windows knows about

8.) Join the domain putting the system into the defined AD/LDAP OU

Generate a Password

Simple script for creating a new random string.

External Link:

Provided by: Florian Rossmark, Accriva Diagnostics. Linked with permission.

FunctionMakeUp-String([Int]$Size=8,[Char[]]$CharSets="ULNS",[Char[]]$Exclude){
    $Chars=@();$TokenSet=@()
    If(!$TokenSets){$Global:TokenSets=@{
        U=[Char[]]'ABCDEFGHJKLMNPQRSTUVWXYZ'             #Upper case
        L=[Char[]]'abcdefghijkmnpqrstuvwxyz'             #Lower case
        N=[Char[]]'23456789'                             #Numerals
        S=[Char[]]'!@$!@$!@$!@$'                         #Symbols
    }}
    $CharSets|ForEach{
        $Tokens=$TokenSets."$_"|ForEach{If($Exclude-cNotContains$_){$_}}
        If($Tokens){
            $TokensSet+=$Tokens           
            #Character sets defined in upper case are mandatory
            If($_-cle[Char]"Z"){$Chars+=$Tokens|Get-Random}    
        }
    }
    While($Chars.Count-lt$Size){$Chars+=$TokensSet|Get-Random}
    #Mix the (mandatory) characters and output string
    ($Chars|Sort-Object{Get-Random})-Join""                       
};

 

Python Examples

Get an Entry Password

Provided by: Justin Harris, Capture Technologie-PC911. Used with permission.

A simple class in Python to access the API with a method that gets an authorization token and another to get a password.

from urllib import request import json  class PPS: def _init_(self, host='https://localhost:1001'): self.host = host self.token = None self.auth_header = None  def get_token(self, user, passwd): url = f'  {self.host}/oauth2/token' headers = {'Content-Type': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded'} data = f'grant_type=password&username={user}&password={passwd}' req = request.Request(url, data.encode(), headers) res = request.urlopen(req) self.token = json.loads(res.readlines()[0].decode())['access_token'] self.auth_header = {'Authorization': f'Bearer {self.token}'}  def get_credential(self, id): url = f'{self.host} /api/v4/rest/credential/  {id} /password' headers = {**self.auth_header, 'Content-Type': 'application/json', 'Cache-Control': 'no-cache'} req = request.Request(url, None, headers) res = request.urlopen(req).readlines()[0].decode().strip('"') return res
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